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Biology Facts

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How much do you know about biology? Why not learn some new facts related to cells, DNA, cloning, natural selection, fungus, ecology, bacteria, viruses and other biology related topics.
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People that study biology are known as biologists.
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Australia’s Great Barrier Reef is the largest living structure on Earth. Reaching over 2000 kilometres (1240 miles) in length.
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The first person to see a live cell with a microscope was Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, in 1674.
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Ecology is the study of ecosystems and how organisms interact with their environment.
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While some bacteria can make you sick, others have positive benefits such as helping you digest food or even make yoghurt.
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Moulds, yeasts and mushrooms are types of fungus.
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The common cold is a type of virus.
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Viruses can be treated with antiviral drugs.
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Bacteria are extremely small and are made up of just one cell.
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Bacterial infections can be treated with antibiotics.
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Animals that eat plants as their primary food source are known as herbivores.
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Endangered species are those that are in danger of being completely wiped out, they include blue whales, tigers and pandas. Without protection these species may eventually become extinct.
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Born on July 5th 1996, Dolly the sheep was the first mammal to be cloned from an adult cell.
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When the DNA of an organism changes and results in a new trait (characteristic) it is known as mutation.
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French chemist and microbiologist Louis Pasteur was well known for inventing a process to stop various foods and liquids making people sick. Called Pasteurization, it reduces the amount of microorganisms that could lead to disease without having a noticeable effect on taste and quality in a way which methods such as sterilization might.
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Charles Darwin developed the idea of natural selection, sometimes called survival of the fittest. It is a process that involves living things with favorable traits being more likely to reproduce, passing on their favorable traits to future generations.

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